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Chamba - Leather Craft

Conventional Chamba slippers (Chappals) are remarkably relaxed and comfy to put on. They are both embroidered and plain.The embroidery on them is done with several colors and glitter is added through the imitation zari (gold thread). The tourists’ love for these products has inspired the artisans to strive harder.Other than that, one can also choosebetween a variety of shoes, sandals, socks and belts.

CHAMBA CHAPPALS

These are made by the male members of establishments. As usual, the bottom of the Chappal is first cut according to required size and shape. The filling with waste leather pieces is done by glueing the same with paste, made locally known as lati. Thereafter it is hidden by sticking the lower and the upper portion of the sole with a flat leather cord. After that the vamp along with the tieing strap is stitched.

EMBROIDERED CHAPPALS


These are also made in the same manner as Chamba Chappals except that the embroidery on the vamp is done by women embroiderers.

Leather Work

Traditional Chamba chappals (slippers), plain or embroidered, are exceptionally comfortable to wear.
They are embroidered with multicoloured threads - red, black, green, yellow and blue, and imitation zari (gold thread). Tourists seem to love them and this inspires craftspersons to experiment with patterns and designs.
Apart from chappals, you can also pick from a range of shoes, sandals, socks and belts
Today, in keeping with the modern trends, new varieties and designes of leather goods have been added to the traditional list, fancy shoes, sandals, embroidered leathers, socks and belts  
Leather craft of himachal is outstanding. Open toe and partly embroidered vamp is exceptionally comfortable, light and ideal for walking and trekking. Embroidery is done on velvet with raw silk in different designs/ motifs and then pasted on the upper portion of the sandals made of pure leather. In keeping with the modern trends and fashions, new varieties and designs are being regularly added.
From the cloth embroidery to leather, the people of Himachal Pradesh are skilled with extraordinary embroidery skills which they also do in leathers, varying range of products being purses, chappals, socks, belts, sandals etc. The footwear made by the leather craftsmen are extremely comfortable to wear and are embroidered with colorful threads, red, yellow, green, blue, black gold etc which attracts the eye of tourist and sometimes when it's the time of festivals in the state, these leather products are high in demand and often the tourists wish to take them as a memento. The leather works of Himachal Pradesh is one of the most renowned crafts and it also contributes to the economy of the state as well as the people.
Chamba district is famous for its leather-craft. The slippers made in Chamba are exceptionally comfortable and light. They are made of leather and are ideal for walking or hiking in the mountains. One can get them as plain or decorated in embroidered Lantana flowers, leaves and designs. New and different kinds of designs are used today to make decorative leather shoes, slippers, socks, belts, etc.
Traditional Chamba chappals (slippers), plain or embroidered, are exceptionally comfortable to wear.
They are embroidered with multicoloured threads – red, black, green, yellow and blue, and imitation zari (gold thread). Tourists seem to love them and this inspires craftspersons to experiment with patterns and designs. Apart from chappals, you can also pick from a range of shoes, sandals, socks and belts.Leather crafting or simply Leathercraft is the practice of making leather into craft objects or works of art, using shaping techniques, coloring techniques or both.

Dyeing

Leather dyeing usually involves the use of spirit or alcohol based dyes where alcohol quickly gets absorbed into moistened leather, carrying the pigment deep into the surface. "Hi-liters" and "Antiquing" stains can be used to add more definition to patterns. These have pigments that will break away from the higher points of a tooled piece and so pooling in the background areas give nice contrasts. Leaving parts unstained also provides a type of contrast.
Alternatives to spirit stains might include a number of options. Shoe polish can be used to dye and preserve leather. Oils such as neat’s-foot or linseed can be applied to preserve leather but darkens them. A wax paste more often than not serves as the final coat.
Sweat and grime will also stain and 'antique' leather over time. Gun holsters, saddlebags, wallets and canteens used by cowboys and buckaroos were rarely colored in the Old West. The red, brown, and black tones develop naturally through handling and as the oiled leathers absorb the rays of the desert sun.
Due to changing environmental laws, alcohol-based dyes are soon to be unavailable. There are currently water-based alternatives available, although they tend not to work as well.
Painting
Leather painting differs from leather dyeing in that paint remains only on the surface while dyes are absorbed into the leather. Due to this difference, leather painting techniques are generally not used on items that can or must bend nor on items that receive friction, such as belts and wallets because under these conditions, the paint is likely to crack and flake off. However, latex paints can be used to paint such flexible leather items. In the main though, a flat piece of leather, backed with a stiff board is ideal and common, though three-dimensional forms are possible so long as the painted surface remains secured.
Acrylic paint is a common medium, often painted on tooled leather pictures, backed with wood or cardboard, and then framed. Unlike photographs, leather paintings are displayed without a glass cover, to prevent mold.

Leather Carving

Leather carving entails using metal implements to compress moistened leather in such a way as to give a three dimensional appearance to a two dimensional surface. The surface of the leather is not intended to be cut through, as would be done in filigree. The main tools used to "carve" leather include: swivel knife, veiner, beveler, pear shader, seeder, cam, and background tool. The swivel knife is held similar to pencil and drawn along the leather to outline patterns. The other tools are punch-type implements struck with a wooden, nylon or rawhide mallet. The object is to add further definition with them to the cut lines made by the swivel knife. In the United States and Mexico, the western floral style, known as "Sheridan Style", of carving leather predominates. Usually, these are stylized pictures of acanthis or roses. California, Texas, and a few other styles are common. By far the most preeminent carver in the United States was Al Stohlman. His patterns and methods have been embraced by many hobbyists, scout troops, reenacters, and craftsmen.

Leather Stamping

Leather stamping involves the use of shaped implements (stamps) to create an imprint onto a leather surface, often by striking the stamps with amallet. Commercial stamps are available in various designs, typically geometric or representative of animals. Most stamping is performed on vegetable tanned leather that has been dampened with water, as the water makes the leather softer and able to be compressed by the design being pressed or stamped into it. After the leather has been stamped, the design stays on the leather as it dries out, but it can fade if the leather becomes wet and is flexed. To make the impressions last longer, the leather is conditioned with oils and fats to make it water-proof and prevent the fibers from deforming.

 

 

 

 

 

 

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